Short Historical View of Transfusions (did you know that?)
Transfusion is biological treatment measure that means giving blood and products or derived elements. The first human transfusion was done around the year 1667 with sheep blood by the royal doctor Ludovic the XIVth , Jean Babtiste Denis. The results were deadly.
In 1900, Karl Landsteiner, an Austrian doctor discovers three blood types:O, A, B. The type AB was discovered next year. After 1939, Levine discovers the Rh factor. This is an antigen and can be positive or negative. It is very important in the case of parents with different Rh because it can cause immunological problems.
The blood is a vital fluid and represents 7-8% of weight. The quantity depends of the weight of the person and an adult of 70 kilograms has 5 liters of blood. The blood is made of a liquid element plasma ans featured elements. The featured elements are red cells, white cells and thrombocytes.
On 14 of June is the International Day of blood Donors. This date was chosen by the Global Society of Health to celebrate the activity of the immunology doctor Karl Landsteiner, laureate of the Noble prize for medicine for the discovery of the blood types.
Donate 5% of your blood to give… 100% life
By definition, the auto-transfusion is the transfusion done with the blood of the patient. The blood lost during a surgery intervention is recovered, filtered, processed or not, and given to the patient. In other words, the donor and the host is the same person.
Statistics from Europe show that in countries like Austria with a population over 8.000.000 inhabitants, 5.100.000 have donated blood meaning 62,80% of population, in Germany 55,36 of population, in Denmark 68% of population, and closer to us, in Slovenia 51% of population, in Hungary 42% of population. Romania has a population around 22 millions inhabitants, and only 370.000 inhabitants donated blood in 2001, meaning less than 17%… Under this level, in Europe, there is only Albania.
As in all countries, there are three types of donors-initial, loyal and occasional. From the total of Romanian donors, 74% are loyal who donate blood at least three times per year. What will happen when Romania will accept the European law that requires that blood donation should be mainly willingly and charitable? Will be the loyal donors still interested to donate blood?